Transporting and moving a bee hive is a complex task that requires several important factors to be taken into account. These include the climate, the population status of the hive, the type of hive and the distance at which the pupers are to be transported.
It is essential to carry out the correct transfer in order to reduce the stress of the hive and to have as few casualties as possible.
Throughout this article we will describedifferent types of hive displacement to help you anticipate possible circumstances and prevent you from suffering population losses.
Short displacement: move the hive a few meters away
The first time the bees go out to collect the nectar from the flowers (pecorear), they locate the hive linking it to the surrounding environment. In order to return precisely to the picket on their next excursions they take into account shrubs, stones, herbs, etc..
If you simply need to move the apiary to a few meters,it is advisable to move it gradually, day after day. This way, the bees will not be lost and will have time to get used to the changes in the position of the pickaf.
The suggested distance for each movement is less than one meter. It has been observed that at this distance, after a certain period of time, the bees quickly find the hive and «touch by call» to attract the rest of the colony’s companions.
In the event that there are no other colonies near the hive you can take it a little further with each displacement, as the risk of them getting lost is substantially lower.
We recommend that, at the site where the hive was located, leave another hive with some pictures to be able to recover those bees that return to the old location by mistake. When night falls and all the pespers have returned, place the body of the hive on a journal paper and transfer it to the original colony that is already in its new location.
Average displacement: transport the hive from a few meters to 3 kilometers
When you want to move the hive to less than 3 km,the bees will head to their usual pecoreo range and from there they will return to the original location of the hive. This can cause them to get lost and unable to return to the transferred colony.
A good method is to place leaves and branches in front of displaced hives to help bees orient themselves.
If you want to move the hive to about 2 kilometers you must do it in two stages so that the pelchers do not miss.
First stage of the hive transfer
First transfer the hive to more than 6 km and leave it there for a month if it is summer or for two or three months if it is winter. Bees they knew at first site will die and be replaced by the new ones.
Second stage of the hive transfer
It then moves the colony to its final location. Please note that this must be more than 6 kilometers from the intermediate site and 2 kilometers from the original position. By moving in these two stages, the bees will locate the new environment and will not be able to return to the previous place, simply because they do not know it.
Average displacement: transport the hive from 3 kilometers to 5 kilometers
If you need to make a transfer from 3 to 5 kilometers away on the flight line, most bees will not return to the original location.
If this is the case you can make the transfer with peace of mind in a single stage without losing too much population.
Useful tips for safe hive transport
In short, by taking the appropriate precautionary measures you will be able to carry out a safe and stress-free transfer for your bees.
How do you transport your bee colonies? Do you know another effective method?